While we believe that a strong separation of data and display is important, we understand that formats that mix the two such as MDX (Markdown with embedded JSX components) have become a popular and powerful authoring format for developers.

Remix supports using MDX in two ways:

  • You can use a .mdx file as one of your route modules
  • You can import a .mdx file into one of your route modules (in app/routes)

Routes

The simplest way to get started with MDX in Remix is to create a route module. Just like .js and .ts files in your app/routes directory, .mdx (and .md) files will participate in automatic file system based routing.

MDX routes allow you to define both meta and headers as if they were a code based route:

---
meta:
  title: My First Post
  description: Isn't this awesome?
headers:
  Cache-Control: no-cache
---

# Hello Content!

The lines in the document above between the --- are called "frontmatter". You can think of them like metadata for your document, formatted as YAML.

You can reference your frontmatter fields through the global attributes variable in your MDX:

---
componentData:
  label: Hello, World!
---

import SomeComponent from "~/components/some-component";

# Hello MDX!

<SomeComponent {...attributes.componentData} />

Example

By creating a app/routes/posts/first-post.mdx we can start writing a blog post:

---
meta:
  title: My First Post
  description: Isn't this just awesome?
---

# Example Markdown Post

You can reference your frontmatter data through "attributes". The title of this post is {attributes.meta.title}!

Modules

Besides just route level MDX, you can also import these files anywhere yourself as if it were a regular JavaScript module.

When you import a .mdx file, the exports of the module are:

  • default: The react component for consumption
  • attributes: The frontmatter data as an object
  • filename: The basename of the source file (e.g. "first-post.mdx")
import Component, { attributes, filename } from "./first-post.mdx";

Example Blog Usage

The following example demonstrates how you might build a simple blog with MDX, including individual pages for the posts themselves and an index page that shows all posts.

In app/routes/index.jsx:

import { useRouteData } from "remix";
import { Link } from "react-router-dom";

// Import all your posts from the app/routes/posts directory. Since these are
// regular route modules, they will all be available for individual viewing
// at /posts/a, for example.
import * as postA from "./posts/a.mdx";
import * as postB from "./posts/b.md";
import * as postC from "./posts/c.md";

function postFromModule(mod) {
  return {
    slug: mod.filename.replace(/\.mdx?$/, ""),
    ...mod.attributes.meta
  };
};

export function loader() {
  // Return metadata about each of the posts for display on the index page.
  // Referencing the posts here instead of in the Index component down below
  // lets us avoid bundling the actual posts themselves in the bundle for the
  // index page.
  return [
    postFromModule(postA),
    postFromModule(postB),
    postFromModule(postC)
  ];
}

export default function Index() {
  let posts = useRouteData();

  return (
    <ul>
      {posts.map(post => (
        <li key={post.slug}>
          <Link to={post.slug}>{post.title}</Link>
          {post.description && <p>{post.description}</p>}
        </li>
      ))}
    </ul>
  );
}